Orthodontics is the specialty of dentistry focused on the diagnosis and treatment of dental and associated facial irregularities. The results of orthodontic treatment
can be dramatic, yielding beautiful smiles, improved dental health and an enhanced quality of life for people of all ages. Orthodontic problems, which can result from genetic and environmental factors, must be diagnosed before treatment begins. Proper diagnosis involves taking photographs, x-rays, and dental impressions, which enable us to make informed decisions about the treatment necessary.
Root Canal or Endodontic treatment deals with the diseases of the pulp. The pulp consists of nerves, blood vessels and other soft tissues. It is made up of a pulp chamber and one or more Root Canals.
When the pulp is irreversibly damaged, it has to be removed so that the source of pain and / or infection can be eliminated After which the hollow pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, filled and sealed.
Many Indians wear full or partial dentures, yet many of them are dissatisfied because of poor fit, unpleasant odors and inferior esthetics. A set of attractive, quality dentures, skillfully crafted to the patient's
mouth will make a positive impact on their lifestyle. A BPS denture will help to eliminate unexpected problems that can affect the overall quality of life including:
~ Poor Emotional and Psychological Health problems.
Periodontal (gum) disease is an i n fection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because periodontal (gum) disease is usually painless, you may not know you
have it. Periodontal (gum) disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth. These bacteria create toxins that can damage the gums. In the early stage of periodontal (gum) disease, called gingivitis, the gums can become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing. In the more advanced stages of periodontal (gum) disease, called periodontitis, the gums and bone that support the teeth can become seriously damaged. The teeth can become loose, fall out or have to be removed by a dentist.
Bonding is tooth-colored material used to fill in gaps or change the color of teeth. Requiring a single office visit, bonding lasts several years. Bonding is more susceptible to staining or chipping than other forms of
restoration. When teeth are chipped or slightly decayed, bonded composite resins may be the material of choice. Bonding also is used as a tooth-colored filling for small cavities and broken or chipped surfaces. Additionally, it can be used to close spaces between teeth or cover the entire outside surface of a tooth to change its color and shape.
Scaling and root planing is the most common and conservative form of treatment for periodontal (gum) disease. Scaling is the removal of calculus (commonly called tartar) and plaque that
attach to the tooth surfaces, especially below the gum line along the root surface. Because plaque is more likely to stick to rough surfaces, the root surface is smoothed down in a process called root planing. Root planing removes any remaining calculus and smoothes root-surface irregularities.
Plaque is a sticky substance, full of bacteria, that usually forms on your teeth. When plaque hardens over time, it is called calculus.
Generally, bleaching is successful in at least 90 percent of patients, though it may not be an option for everyone. Consider tooth bleaching if your teeth are darkened from age, coffee, tea or smoking. Teeth darkened
Teeth darkened with the color of yellow, brown or orange respond better to lightening. Other types of gray stains caused by fluorosis, smoking or tetracycline are lightened, but results are not as dramatic. If you have very sensitive teeth, periodontal disease, or teeth with worn enamel, your dentist may discourage bleaching.
Often, the lower wisdom tooth is "jammed" or prevented from erupting. this is called an Impacted wisdom tooth. This creates problem as food is trapped between the teeth, causing a painful infection of the gum
around it and decay to the tooth in front. Therefore, it is often advisable to remove the impacted wisdom teeth even when there seems to be no problem with them.
Sealants are highly recommended to prevent cavities from forming in the deep grooves of molars and premolars. On the right you can see pitting of the enamel in
the grooves - beginnings of a cavity if left untreated. 80% of all cavities occur in children's molars simply because a brush can't get into the grooves!
Usually this procedure is usually done in conjunction with a cleaning because the tooth should be as clean as possible before the acrylic sealant is painted on and light cured (bonded) to the tooth's surface. Compare the rough surface of the untreated teeth to the smooth surface of the sealed teeth.
It's still important to practice good dental hygiene at home - sealants make brushing your teeth easier and more effective. Teeth have five surfaces: top, cheek, tongue, front and back. Sealants only protect the top, cheek, and tongue surfaces. In between the teeth you must floss to stop cavities from forming.